Esperanto - Correlatives

這是關於 correlatives table 的一篇參考。

correlatives 有45個,分別由5個字頭和9個字尾結合而成,這些字都是用來描述 5W1H 和他們的答案。以下是介紹他們的表格。

           
  Interrogative
(What)
ki-
Demonstrative
(That)
ti-
Indefinite
(Some)
i-
Universal
(Each, every)
ĉi-
Negative
(No)
neni-
Kind of, sort of
-a
kia
(what kind of, what a)
tia
(that kind of, such a)
ia
(some kind of)
ĉia
(every kind of)
nenia
(no kind of)
Reason
-al
kial
(why)
tial
(therefore)
ial
(for some reason)
ĉial
(for all reasons)
nenial
(for no reason)
Time
-am
kiam
(when)
tiam
(then)
iam
(at some time, once
ĉiam
(always)
neniam
(never)
Place
-e
kie
(where)
tie
(there)
ie
(somewhere)
ĉie
(everywhere)
nenie
(nowhere)
Motion
-en
kien
(to where, whither)
tien
(to there, thither)
ien
(to somewhere)
ĉien
(to everywhere)
nenian
(to nowhere)
Manner
-el
kiel
(how, as, like, in what way
tiel
(thus, as, so)
iel
(somehow)
ĉiel
(in every way)
neniel
(no-how, in no way)
Possessive
-es
kies
(whose)
ties
(its, that one’s)
ies
(someone’s)
ĉies
(everyone’s, everybody’s
nenies
(no one’s)
Demonstrative pronoun
-o
kio
(what)
tio
(that)
io
(something)
ĉio
(everything)
nenio
(nothing)
Amount
-om
kiom
(how much)
tiom
(that much)
iom
(some, a little, a bit)
ĉiom
(all)
neniom
(none)
Demonstrative determiner
-u
kiu
(who, which one, which X
tiu
(that one, that X)
iu
(someone, a certain X, some X)
ĉiu
(everyone, each X, all X’s)
neniu
(no one, no X)


分類: Esperanto
寫作日期: 2017-08-13

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